If you want a mold free home, and a dry home, you need a proper drain systems in place. Groundwater collecting in the basement isn’t only an inconvenience its an eyesore for owners as well. Add in the fact that it can lead to rot and mold, and its best to avoid this issue altogether. The solution to eliminating standing water? Installing a French Drain System with filter fabric, gravel, and slotted pipes of course!
The old way of installing the drain is to do so without the filter fabric and gravel; but, this can lead to sand and gravel clogging up the drain system over time. So it is best to use perforated pipes, which allow the water to easily enter and exit through the small holes. Perforation can either be circles or slots, but the slotted variety is superior in that the smaller round holes help reduce the soil particles which make their way into the pipe system.
So how do you install your new French drain system? Here’s a simple guide!
You will first dig a trench outside the home’s footing base. Make sure it is about 2 ft wide and up to 6 ft deep for older basement areas which are deeper in some homes. You will then lay down the pipe on virgin soil, and make sure the pipes are sloped downward, so gravity can take course and easily filter the water out (and away from your home). The grade also has to slope away from the home, in order to direct water away from the walls.
You will then cover pipes with about 12” of washed gravel. You will place the filter fabric above the gravel, which will help eliminate clogs in the system. Lastly, simply back fill the foundation with top soil, and make sure this is done to its original height.
Doing it yourself, can save you money, but your home is a big investment, so make sure you have it installed correctly by hiring a licensed and insured waterproofing company.